Newsletter

The Legacy of the eBRIDGE Project: The eBRIDGE Start Up Kit

Martedì, 15 Marzo 2016

The eBRIDGE project brought together 7 pioneering cities pursuing a common a vision: a zero-carbon urban mobility where technology - electric vehicles and smart infrastructure - supports people to make sustainable travel choices.

In such vision, mobility performs instantaneously, on-demand, enabled by a multimodal transport system integrated in an interoperable, seamless mobility fabric. Information and communication technology enable smart travelling; journey planners and mobility apps provide real‑time information allowing on‑line booking and billing, thus enabling efficient door‑to‑door trips. We call this Urban eMobility 2020.

To make this happen, a holistic approach including energy generation, charging infrastructure, integrated urban development and citizen engagement is vital. Most importantly, electric mobility will require a radical change of mindsets about the way we travel. Its success relies in a paradigm shift and the role of traditional means of transport like the private car, or even the need of private car ownership.
Our contribution to this vision is the eBRIDGE Start Up Kit which consolidates the project knowledge in two publications, the eBRIDGE Toolkit and the eBRIDGE Guidelines, with the aim of providing an unbiased view of the potential of electric fleets for daily travel. 

The eBRIDGE Toolkit is a condensed volume of practical recommendations for the successful operation and promotion of electric fleets.
The eBRIDGE Guidelines are a comprehensive summary of the project key findings and including an overview of the electric mobility market in the eBRIDGE countries, the description of the pilots and overall key findings on policy, business models, emissions scenarios, and recommendations to improve fleet performance and the effective marketing of e-fleets.

The eBRIDGE key messages for electric mobility and the support of electric vehicle uptake in Europe are:

Global issues

  • Electric mobility is a sound way to reduce (local) emissions and improve quality of life only if supplied with renewable energy sources.
  • EVs can cover a large share of trips made in urban and rural areas. There is interesting information regarding these data in the scenarios report available here
  • Technology and charging infrastructure must develop accordingly to address the current barriers. Availability of interoperable charging infrastructure is key
  • Electric mobility is not economically sustainable in many private applications. Further research is needed to explore relevant uncertainties like EVs depreciation, battery lifespan, re-sale value, and to achieve interoperable chargers.
  • Eventually, the second-hand EV market might induce side effects on actual users for the adoption of EVs.
  • Promoting renewable energy use and expansion is decisive. Cooperation with local actors in the form of multi-stakeholder alliances is highly recommendable.

Policy

  • EVs have great potential and as such, certain constraints to cope with: political will and commitment to long-term sustainability are fundamental
  • Policy can induce sustainable fields of application, e.g. congestion charge zones in city centres
  • Monetary incentives (purchasing grants, tax reductions) have a strong effect on fleet operators’ decision-making. However, spurring end-user EV demand adequately is ultimately needed to achieve a mature market
  • Non-monetary incentives (free parking, bus lane) and appropriate mobility policies should strive to achieve sustainable long-term effects.

Operation

  • Cost reduction of mileage claims and fuel costs are attainable for municipal and company fleets. Commercial car sharing operators have smaller saving margins due to higher operation costs
  • EVs maintenance costs are lower but availability of repair workshops and personnel is limited
  • Charging determines the points of availability and increases EVs visibility
  • “Electric” is not a USP in car sharing: additional willingness to pay is noticeable only for local authorities and companies
  • Adaptation and resilience to adapt to a fierce market competition are crucial
  • Electric car sharing is a complex product to sell. Operators shall consider providing additional mobility management services to become organisations’ partners in the formation of travel plans.

Users

  • Electric fleets help users get familiarised and build confidence with EVs
  • Lack of knowledge creates artificial barriers
  • EVs enjoy greater user acceptance
  • Range anxiety decreases with regular use
  • Driving experience and user attitudes towards EVs are largely positive
  • Specific driving training targeting business and private users is encouraged.

The eBRIDGE Toolkit and Guidelines are available for you to read and download by the end of March in English, German, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish here. We hope our work serves as inspiration and support to other pioneers who also find that electric mobility is the way to go!

Berlino

Berlino, capitale della Germania, è una metropoli con 3,3 milioni di abitanti. Città in continua trasformazione, è terreno fertile per la ricerca e per l’innovazione. Una fitta rete di trasporti, pochi possessori d’auto e un sistema di car sharing con oltre 3.500 veicoli rappresentano l’ideale punto di partenza di nuovi concetti di mobilità.

Comuni austriaci

A differenza della tendenza globale, il car sharing in Austria è rimasto statico negli ultimi 15 anni. L’introduzione della mobilità elettrica da un lato e l’ingresso di nuovi operatori dall’altro hanno rivitalizzato il settore.

Vigo

Vigo è una grande città situata nella provincia di Pontevedra, nella costa nord ovest della Spagna. Come città portuale, Vigo gioca un ruolo strategico per il turismo regionale e per le solide infrastrutture di trasporto che ne fanno un punto nevralgico della Galizia e del nord del vicino Portogallo.

Valencia - Palma

L'area metropolitana di Valencia, con 1.700.000 abitanti, è il terzo maggior agglomerato urbano in Spagna. Negli utlimi anni la regione ha fatto notevoli investimenti per migliorare il trasporto urbano con il compito di promuovere l’uso di modalità sostenibili di trasporto.

Milano

Milano, nell’Italia settentrionale, è la seconda città d’Italia per dimensione e capoluogo della Lombardia. Si estende per 182 km2 e conta 1.350.000 abitanti. Nel 2015 ospita EXPO, evento per il quale si prevedono circa 20 milioni di visitatori nel corso dell’anno. Ha perciò pianificato un rafforzamento del sistema di trasporto urbano e introdotto una zona a traffico limitato e a pagamento per gli automobilisti, la cosidetta Area C.

Lisbona

Lisbona è la capitale del Portogallo, con una popolazione di 547.773 abitanti. La città si trova sulla riva destra del fiume Tagus, nel cuore del Paese, essendo il suo maggior centro economico e politico, cosmopolita e dinamico, come risultato di centinaia di spostamenti quotidiani registrati dalla sua popolazione fluttuante e residente.

Carmarthenshire

Carmarthenshire è una delle 22 divisioni amministrative (Contee) del Galles. È la terza Contea gallese per dimensioni e la quarta per popolazione (183.000 abitanti).

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